What is Mental Health?
Mental health applies to your psychological and emotional well-being. Possessing good mental health allows people to live a healthy and happy lifestyle. It helps in exhibiting resilience and gives people the ability to cope with life’s difficulties.
Mental health can be influenced by several factors, which include life events and, sometimes, genetics.
There are many strategies to help establish and maintain good mental health which includes:
- Having a positive attitude
- Being physically active
- Helping others
- Getting adequate sleep
- Healthy diet
- Getting help from a mental health specialist when needed
- Socializing with people whom you like spending time with
- Developing and using practical coping skills to deal with problems
If you or a loved one suffers from a mental health disorder, mental health treatment can help in getting back to living a happy, healthy lifestyle once again.
Types of Mental Health Disorders
There are several types of mental health disorders; almost 300 various conditions exist.
Some of the more common mental health disorders affecting people in the US include:
Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental health disorder that affects roughly 2.6% of people across the nation every year. It causes episodes of energetic, intense highs and extreme, depressive lows. These episodes can affect someone’s energy level inability to contemplate. Bipolar disorder mood swings are more severe than the little ups and downs that most people experience.
Persistent depressive disorder is a chronic form of depression. Also known as dysthymia, which is a form of depression that isn’t too intense but can interfere with daily life. Those who have this condition will encounter symptoms for two years at the least. Roughly 1.5% of adults across the nation experience dysthymia every year.
Generalized anxiety disorder is more than everyday anxiety like being nervous before giving a presentation. It causes people to become anxious about many things even when there’s nothing to worry about.
Those suffering from generalized anxiety disorder feel nervous about getting through the day, and thinking things will never work out for them. Sometimes generalized anxiety disorder keeps people from accomplishing everyday tasks. Generalized anxiety disorder affects roughly 3% of people across the nation.
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Major depressive disorder causes feelings of extreme hopelessness or sadness that lasts for two weeks at the least. Also known as clinical depression, those with major depressive disorder become sad about their lives and contemplate and sometimes attempt suicide. Roughly 7% of people across the nation experienced at least one major depressive episode every year.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder causes Repetitive thoughts and obsessions. These thoughts produce the desired carry specific compulsions are behaviors. Those with OCD realize their behaviors and thoughts are unreasonable, but they cannot stop them. Over 2% of people across the nation are diagnosed with OCD at some point in their life.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health disorder triggered upon witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event. This can be created by a range of traumatic events like national disasters, fighting in a war, car accidents, or encountering violence. PTSD symptoms include being easily startled or flashbacks. Roughly 3.5% of people across the nation experience PTSD.
Schizophrenia impairs someone’s perception and reality by interfering with the connection to other people. Schizophrenia is a fair condition that must be treated. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, and hearing voices, putting them in a critical situation if left untreated. Roughly 1% of people across the nation have schizophrenia.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder, known as social phobia, causes extreme anxiety in social situations. Those with social anxiety disorder become too nervous when around other people by feeling like they’re being judged. About 15 million adults across the nation encounter social anxiety every year.